Its location opposite the former Roman military camp of Baudobrica (Boppard)
was a decisive factor in the development of the village of Filsen. This was the starting point for a number of roads leading up to the Taunus hills where the Roman Limes frontier wall ran. It would therefore seem likely that the first settlement was a fortified military post set up to protect the Rhine crossing. For many centuries wine-growing provided the most important source of income for the local population, as it did in many other Rhine communities.
The cultivation of the hillside vineyards saw good times and bad, but in the 19th century the increase in pest infestation saw the village change from a wine-growing community to the Middle Rhine’s premier cherry and strawberry
producer. Many garden owners now tried to make their living from fruit production and the cultivation of medicinal and apothecary plants. The mild climate means that the village is still blessed with good harvests, although nowadays they are of negligible economic importance. Filsen and the surrounding area enjoy many hours of sunshine each year and this can be seen within an ecological context on the village’s nature trail. Here walkers will encounter a rich diversity of plant and animal life, including orchids, Swallowtail butterflies, the blue-winged grasshopper and one of Germany’s largest populations of Western Green Lizard.